Nowadays, we are overwhelmed by information and we feel lost among all these affirmations and negations on the best way to feed ourselves.
Here is a proof that we do not the full spectrum of truth thanks to this bitter fact: we live longer but less healthy. All this linked to cardiovascular, auto-immune and neurodegenerative diseases caused by an inadequate nutrition to our genome.
How to know what the ideal food?
According to the paleo food followers, we must take, as a reference, the food which built our genome; aka, the one during the Paleolithic period, before the agriculture occurrence, when the Man was a hunter-harvester. Some researchers, as Staffan Lindeberg, enormously contributed to prove the truth about this food. In nineties, he decided to conduct health tests on some inhabitants on a Papua-New-Guinea island. He realized that none of them suffered from modern diseases: diabetes, overweight, hypertension, osteoporosis, cancers…
Can we enhance our athletic performances with paleo diet?
Paleo Food enhances the organism function through the use of carbs. They are stocked as glycogen and are an important source of energy for endurance and powerful exercises.
That’s a pity that some athletes neglect their diet and go through chronic wounds at the end of their career. These lesions could have been avoided thanks to the right supply in vitamins.
Is it possible to eat paleo during the XXIe century?
The paleo food can be adapted to our modern diet but it is impossible to exactly eat as cavern men because:
- Even if we buy our meat at the butcher/fishmonger, we mostly eat farmed animals which have less Omega-3 than wild animals.
- Oleaginous fruits (almonds, walnuts, nuts, pistachios) are more sugary than before.
- Fruits and vegetables from Paleolithic period were more diverse and did not have pesticides.
Nevertheless, eating paleo will be always better than having a 100% industrial diet.
How to eat Paleo?
Meats and fishes
Meat is allowed in the paleo diet. Eat lean meats (filets, less than 5% of fat) and poultry (chicken, turkey, rabbit, veal…). Transformed or industrial products such as saucisson, bacon, ham are not paleo.
Regarding fishes, opt for fat ones: sardines, herrings, mackerels, anchovies…seafood is also advised.
Choose organic eggs low in pollutants and rich in Omega-3.
You must choose your fat according to its use.
To cook or to season you have macadamia or olive oils, (virgin, first cold pressing). These are mono-unsaturated fatty acids, stable to heat, hence can be cooked.
Only for seasoning, opt for rapeseed, linseed, hemp or camelina oils which are rich in Omega-3.
Nevertheless, no margarine, nor butter in paleo diet.
And Coconut oil?
Coconut oil for cooking, is not advised to be used in bi quantity as it is mainly made of saturated fats.
Dairy products are not compatible with paleo diet. On the contrary, the protein Whey is accepted. Especially for sportsmen, protein is still useful.
Except basmati rice and buckwheat are gluten free and are a good source of carbs, all other cereals are not compatible with paleo diet.
Vegetables and fruits
Essential for every modern human being worth his salt. Vegetables are low in carbs and are alkalizing (not acid). It is the same for fruits, except for some sugary ones, rich in glucose.
However, avoid fruit juices which are mixed with water and can in a quicker manner reach your liver to transform the fructose in fat.
Pass on some tubercules as potatoes and manioc. Searchers recently found out that they are not adapted to our genome (traces of saponins).
They are source of lipids. Opt for macadamia nuts, nuts, almonds and pistachios. On the contrary, sunflower sees are rich in Omega-6 and should be excluded.
Little hint: before consuming your oleaginous fruits, make them soak in clear water more than 7 hours and add a pinch of salt to reduce phytic acid.
Legumes (lentils, beans, peas) are not compatible with paleo diet.